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Common Abbreviations

Discussion in 'Glossary and Definitions of Terms' started by Dory, Nov 9, 2007.

  1. Dory

    Dory fat bottomed girl Staff Member

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    (IN PROGRESS - feel free to edit/add to this!)

    When you first start midwifery training, it can feel as though you need to learn a whole new language. Listed below are some of the more common abbreviations you may see or hear on placement. Some of the terms are in brown - click on these if you want to go to the glossary description.


    AF - Artificial Feed
    ANC - Antenatal Clinic
    ANP - Advanced Neonatal Practitioner
    ANTT - Aseptic Non-Touch Technique
    APH - Antepartum Haemorrhage
    ARM - Artificial Rupture of Membranes
    BAT - Brown Adipose Tissue
    BBA - Born before Arrival
    BCP - Biochemical profile
    BD - Twice Daily
    BF - Breast Feeding
    BFI - Baby Friendly Initiative
    BMI - Body Mass Index
    BNO - Bowels Not Open
    BO - Had Bowels Open
    BP - Blood Pressure
    BPM – Beats per minute
    CCT - Controlled Cord Traction
    CEMACH - Confidential Enquiry into Materal and Child Health
    CESDI - Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirth and Deaths in Infancy
    CSU - Catheter Specimen of Urine
    CTG - Cardiotocograph
    CS - Caesarean Section
    C and S - Culture and Specimen
    CVS - Chorionic Villus Sampling
    CX - Cervix
    D & C - Dilatation and Curettage
    D & V - Diarrhoea and Vommiting
    DIC - Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
    DNA - Did Not Attend
    DTA - Deep Transverse Arrest
    DVT - Deep Vein Thrombosis
    EBM - Expressd Breast Milk
    ECV - External Cephalic Version
    EDD - Estimated Date of Delivery
    EFM – Electronic fetal monitoring
    EFW - Estimated Fetal Weight
    Epis - episiotomy
    EMLSCS - Emergency Lower Segment Caesarean Section
    ERPC - Evacuation of Retained Products of Conception
    FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    FBC - Full Blood Count
    FBS - Fetal Blood Sample
    FE – Iron
    FGM – Female genital mutilation
    FHR - Fetal Heart Rate
    FHHR - Fetal Heart Heard Regular
    FMF - Fetal Movements Felt
    FSE - Fetal Scalp Electrode
    GA – General anaesthtic
    G and S - Group and Save
    GBS - Group B Streptococcus
    GI - Gastro-intestinal
    GTT - Glucose Tolerance Test
    HAI - Hospital Acquired Infection
    HB - Haemoglobin
    HBAC - Home Birth After Caesarean
    HFFD - Haigh Ferguson Forceps Delivery
    HELLP - Haemolysis, Elevated Liver Proteins and Low Platelets
    HR - Heart Rate
    HPV - Human Papilloma Virus
    HVS - High Vaginal Swab
    HSE - Health and Safety Executive
    HSV - Herpes Simplex Virus
    HX - History of...
    I/P - Intrapartum
    IOL - Induction of Labour
    IM – Intramuscular
    IU – International units
    IUD - Intrauterine Device
    IUD - Intrauterine Death
    IUGR - Intrauterine Growth Retardation
    IV - Intravenous
    IVF - In vitro fertilisation
    IVI - Intravenous infusion
    KFD - Kielland Forceps Delivery
    KSF - Knowledge Skills Framework
    KTS - Knife To Skin
    LBW - Low Birth Weight
    LFD - Light for Dates
    LFT - Liver Function Test
    LMP - Last Menstrual Period
    LOA - Left Occipto-Anterior
    LOL - Left Occipito-Lateral
    LOP - Left Occipito-Posterior
    LOT - Left Occipito-Transverse
    LSCS - Lower Segment Caesarean Section
    LVS - low vaginal swab
    MAP – Mean arterial pressure
    MDT - Multi-Disciplinary Team
    MEC - Meconium
    MOT - Medical Obstetric Team
    MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    MSSU - Mid-Stream Specimen of Urine
    MSU - Mid-Stream Urine
    NAD - Nothing Abnormal Detected
    NAS - Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
    NB - Normal Birth
    NBFD - Neville Barnes Forceps Delivery
    ND - Normal Delivery
    NEC – Necrotizing enterocolitis
    NICU - Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    NICE - National Institute of Clinical Excellence
    NIEL - Not In Established Labour
    NIDDM - Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
    NND - Neonatal Death
    NNU - Neonatal Unit
    NMC - Nursing and Midwifery Council
    NSAID - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug
    NSF - National Service Framework
    O/E - On Examination
    ODA - Operating Department Assistant
    ODP - Operating Department Practitioner
    OP - Occipito Posterior position - see position
    O/P - On Palpation - often written this way by the docs!
    P - Pulse
    P/A - Par Abdomen (sometimes seen before documenting palpation)
    PCT - Primary Care Trust
    P/S - Per Speculum
    PCA - Patient Controlled Analgesia
    PE - Pulmonary Embolus
    PIH - Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
    PGD - Patient Group Directive
    PKU - Phenylketonuria
    PN - Postnatal
    PO - Orally
    PPH - Postpartum Haemorrhage
    PP - Presenting Part
    PPROM - Prelabour Premature Rupture of Membranes
    PR - Per Rectum
    PRN - As required
    PROM - Premature Rupture of Membranes
    PU - Pass Urine
    PV - Per Vaginum
    QDS - Four Times Daily
    RDS - Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    Rh - Rhesus factor
    ROA - Right Occipito-Anterior
    ROL - Right Occipito-Lateral
    ROP - Right Occipito-Posterior
    ROT - Right Occipito-Transverse
    SB - Still Birth
    SBR - Serum Bilirubin
    SC - Subcutaneous
    SCBU - Special Care Baby Unit
    SFD - Small for Dates
    SGA - Small for Gestational Age
    SHO - Senior House Officer
    SIDS - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    SIGN - Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
    SOB- Sub Occipto-Bregmatic
    SOB - Shortness of Breath
    SPD - Symphysis Pubis Disorder
    SROM - Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes
    STD - Sexually Transmitted Disease
    STI - Sexually Transmitted Infection
    STS - Skin To Skin
    SVD - Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery
    TCI - To Come In
    TDS - Three times daily
    TEDs – Thromboembolic deterrent stockings
    TTO - To take out (medications)
    TWOC - Trial Without Catheter
    U and E - Urea and Electrolytes
    USS - Ultrasound Scan
    UTI - Urinary Tract Infection
    VBAC - Vaginal Birth After Caesarean
    VE - Vaginal Examination. Would be more correctly written epv (examination per vaginam) as you are examining via the vagina, not examining the vagina itself!
    VX - Vertex - the clinical name for the fetal head. Usually used during vagnial birth - the first sighting of the fetal head would be written as VX (vertex) visible in the notes.
    Last edited by a moderator: Jul 19, 2014
  2. Rob

    Rob Chief Executive Officer at SMNET Staff Member

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    Glossary Helpers.

    If anybody would like to help with writing good and in depth definitions for any of the above terms, then please send a PM to Iris

    This is a fantastic way to research and to revise - Everyone should give it a try and dont let spelling or not being a 100% boffin on the subject you are writing about put you off. Dory, our resident Registered Midwife is our glossary editor and checks all new glossary items for clinical and medical accuracy and will amend anything that needs it.

    Thanks in advance for your help.
    Last edited by a moderator: Jul 1, 2013
  3. HelloThere

    HelloThere New Member

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    Thankyou!

    I am starting first year in September, so this will definetly come in handy! :)
  4. Koalagrrry

    Koalagrrry Well-Known Member Plus! Member

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    Does anyone know what the abbreviation for treatment is?
    As in maybe writing ' Symptoms of thrush reported, referred to GP for treatment.' Kinda thing?
  5. sw291189

    sw291189 New Member

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    This was ever so helpful. Thank you very much.
  6. MrsCavill

    MrsCavill Well-Known Member

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    Holy moly that's a long list!!!
    Wooden Owl likes this.
  7. midder75

    midder75 Active Member Plus! Member

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    Ok can't seem to find OFP or TOS
    Any help with these two please?
  8. Loulou91x

    Loulou91x Well-Known Member

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    Extremely helpful! I've started writing these in my indexed notebook ready for when i start in September! :)
    Wooden Owl likes this.
  9. MrsCavill

    MrsCavill Well-Known Member

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    ooooo thats a good idea!
    rlnx likes this.
  10. PurpleStar

    PurpleStar Well-Known Member

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    What context did you find those abbreviations in?

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