(IN PROGRESS - feel free to edit/add to this!) When you first start midwifery training, it can feel as though you need to learn a whole new language. Listed below are some of the more common abbreviations you may see or hear on placement. Some of the terms are in brown - click on these if you want to go to the glossary description. AF - Artificial Feed ANC - Antenatal Clinic ANP - Advanced Neonatal Practitioner APH - Antepartum Haemorrhage ARM - Artificial Rupture of Membranes BAT - Brown Adipose Tissue BBA - Born before Arrival BCP - Biochemical profile BD - Twice Daily BF - Breast Feeding BFI - Baby Friendly Initiative BMI - Body Mass Index BNO - Bowels Not Open BO - Had Bowels Open BP - Blood Pressure BPM – Beats per minute CCT - Controlled Cord Traction CEMACH - Confidential Enquiry into Materal and Child Health CESDI - Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirth and Deaths in Infancy CSU - Catheter Specimen of Urine CTG - Cardiotocograph CS - Caesarean Section C and S - Culture and Specimen CVS - Chorionic Villus Sampling CX - Cervix D & C - Dilatation and Curettage D & V - Diarrhoea and Vommiting DIC - Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation DNA - Did Not Attend DTA - Deep Transverse Arrest DVT - Deep Vein Thrombosis EBM - Expressd Breast Milk ECV - External Cephalic Version EDD - Estimated Date of Delivery EFM – Electronic fetal monitoring EFW - Estimated Fetal Weight Epis - episiotomy EMLSCS - Emergency Lower Segment Caesarean Section ERPC - Evacuation of Retained Products of Conception FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FBC - Full Blood Count FBS - Fetal Blood Sample FE – Iron FGM – Female genital mutilation FHR - Fetal Heart Rate FHHR - Fetal Heart Heard Regular FMF - Fetal Movements Felt FSE - Fetal Scalp Electrode GA – General anaesthtic G and S - Group and Save GBS - Group B Streptococcus GI - Gastro-intestinal GTT - Glucose Tolerance Test HAI - Hospital Acquired Infection HB - Haemoglobin HBAC - Home Birth After Caesarean HFFD - Haigh Ferguson Forceps Delivery HELLP - Haemolysis, Elevated Liver Proteins and Low Platelets HR - Heart Rate HPV - Human Papilloma Virus HVS - High Vaginal Swab HSE - Health and Safety Executive HSV - Herpes Simplex Virus HX - History of... I/P - Intrapartum IOL - Induction of Labour IM – Intramuscular IU – International units IUD - Intrauterine Device IUD - Intrauterine Death IUGR - Intrauterine Growth Retardation IV - Intravenous IVF - In vitro fertilisation IVI - Intravenous infusion KFD - Kielland Forceps Delivery KSF - Knowledge Skills Framework LBW - Low Birth Weight LFD - Light for Dates LFT - Liver Function Test LMP - Last Menstrual Period LOA - Left Occipto-Anterior LOL - Left Occipito-Lateral LOP - Left Occipito-Posterior LOT - Left Occipito-Transverse LSCS - Lower Segment Caesarean Section LVS - low vaginal swab MAP – Mean arterial pressure MDT - Multi-Disciplinary Team MEC - Meconium MOT - Medical Obstetric Team MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging MSSU - Mid-Stream Specimen of Urine MSU - Mid-Stream Urine NAD - Nothing Abnormal Detected NAS - Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome NB - Normal Birth NBFD - Neville Barnes Forceps Delivery ND - Normal Delivery NEC – Necrotizing enterocolitis NICU - Neonatal Intensive Care Unit NICE - National Institute of Clinical Excellence NIEL - Not In Established Labour NIDDM - Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus NND - Neonatal Death NNU - Neonatal Unit NMC - Nursing and Midwifery Council NSAID - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug NSF - National Service Framework O/E - On Examination ODA - Operating Department Assistant ODP - Operating Department Practitioner OP - Occipito Posterior position - see position O/P - On Palpation - often written this way by the docs! P - Pulse P/A - Par Abdomen (sometimes seen before documenting palpation) PCT - Primary Care Trust P/S - Per Speculum PCA - Patient Controlled Analgesia PE - Pulmonary Embolus PIH - Pregnancy Induced Hypertension PGD - Patient Group Directive PKU - Phenylketonuria PN - Postnatal PO - Orally PPH - Postpartum Haemorrhage PP - Presenting Part PPROM - Prelabour Premature Rupture of Membranes PR - Per Rectum PRN - As required PROM - Premature Rupture of Membranes PU - Pass Urine PV - Per Vaginum QDS - Four Times Daily RDS - Respiratory Distress Syndrome Rh - Rhesus factor ROA - Right Occipito-Anterior ROL - Right Occipito-Lateral ROP - Right Occipito-Posterior ROT - Right Occipito-Transverse SB - Still Birth SBR - Serum Bilirubin SC - Subcutaneous SCBU - Special Care Baby Unit SFD - Small for Dates SGA - Small for Gestational Age SHO - Senior House Officer SIDS - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIGN - Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network SOB- Sub Occipto-Bregmatic SOB - Shortness of Breath SPD - Symphysis Pubis Disorder SROM - Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes STD - Sexually Transmitted Disease STI - Sexually Transmitted Infection STS - Skin To Skin SVD - Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery TCI - To Come In TDS - Three times daily TEDs – Thromboembolic deterrent stockings TTO - To take out (medications) U and E - Urea and Electrolytes USS - Ultrasound Scan UTI - Urinary Tract Infection VBAC - Vaginal Birth After Caesarean VE - Vaginal Examination. Would be more correctly written epv (examination per vaginam) as you are examining via the vagina, not examining the vagina itself! VX - Vertex - the clinical name for the fetal head. Usually used during vagnial birth - the first sighting of the fetal head would be written as VX (vertex) visible in the notes.